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The Timeless Elegance of Jhumka Earrings: A Journey through History and Variety

Earrings have long been a component of Indian culture and fashion. Among the numerous earring styles, one variety stands out for its distinct and timeless appeal: the Jhumka. Jhumka earrings have a fascinating history in India that spans centuries, changing from traditional to contemporary styles. In this blog, we'll look at the jhumka origins and Jhumka earrings history, as well as the different types of jhumkas, regional variations, and their suitability for particular events.

Jhumka's History in India

Jhumka earrings, known for their distinctive bell-shaped design, have a rich historical legacy in India. Jhumka earrings origin can be traced back to ancient civilisations. The word Jhumka is derived from the Hindi word Jhumki, which means little bells. These earrings for women have always been associated with femininity, grace, and traditional Indian attire.

The Jhumka earrings history is closely intertwined with the culture and artistry of India. They have been worn by women of all ages, from young girls to elderly women, as a symbol of their cultural heritage and beauty. Over time, Jhumkas have become not just a piece of jewellery but an emblem of tradition and elegance.

Jhumkas in India: Varieties by Region

Jhumkas are called by many names in different parts of India, and each has its distinct style and design:

  • Jhumkas are known as "Jhumko Earrings" in West Bengal and are frequently associated with traditional Bengali jewellery.
  • Jhumkas are known in Andhra Pradesh as "Buttalu Earrings," and they are recognised for their vivid and ornate designs.
  • The Banjaras of Maharashtra refer to Jhumkas as "Zumka Earrings," and their tribal and bohemian flair distinguishes them.
  • Jhumkas are known as "Magar Earrings" or "Kundal Earrings" in Haryana and are admired for their simplicity and elegance.
  • They are known as "Jhimki" in Tamil Nadu and Kerala and are frequently worn with traditional dress.
  • Jhumkas are known as "Muthina Vale Jhimki Earrings" in Karnataka and are noted for their superb craftsmanship.
  • In Manipur, a multi-layered jhumka is known as "Khokor," and it is recognised for its exquisite decorations and distinct flair.

Different Types of Jhumkas in India

Jhumka earrings are available in a wide range of designs, each with its own distinct charm and character. Let's look at some of the most common types of Jhumkas:

1. Gold Jhumkas:

Gold Jhumka earrings are timeless classics that are always in fashion. These intricate earrings are frequently made with classic motifs and are popular for their elegance and sophistication. Gold Jhumkas are ideal for weddings and formal occasions since they lend a grandeur to the wearer's outfit.

2. Hoop Jhumkas:

Hoop jhumka earrings mix the allure of hoop earrings with the classic attractiveness of Jhumkas. A hoop jhumka earrings are basically a bell-shaped Jhumka hanging from the earrings. They are adaptable and may be worn for a variety of circumstances, from casual outings to formal occasions.

3. Diamond Jhumkas:

Diamond Jhumkas combine the radiance of diamonds with the classic Jhumka design. These earrings are ideal for individuals who want to look modern and attractive. They are frequently spotted at high-end events and celebrations.

4. Oxidised Jhumkas:

Oxidised jhumka earrings have a rustic and antique look to them. They are made by treating the metal with a dark patina. These earrings are popular because they have a bohemian and ethnic feel to them. Oxidised jhumka earrings are frequently worn with modern and fusion clothing.

5. Pearl Jhumkas:

The timeless beauty of pearls is combined with the traditional Jhumka style in big pearls jhumkas earrings. Women frequently pick these elegant earrings for their wedding day. The big pearl jhumkas elevate the whole look with a hint of grace and class.

6. Antique Jhumkas:

Antique jhumka earrings have an antique feel and frequently have complex motifs and patterns. They are a popular choice among individuals who value history and nostalgia. Antique jhumkas earrings are adaptable and can be worn for a variety of events. 

7. Kashmiri Jhumkas:

Kashmiri Jhumkas are well-known for their beautiful craftsmanship. They are generally embellished with vibrant enamel work and elaborate craftsmanship. These earrings symbolise Kashmir's rich heritage and are frequently worn on important occasions.

Jhumka Earrings for Various Occasions

Jhumka earrings are quite adaptable and can be used for a wide range of events. Here are several occasions when you should wear Jhumka earrings:

Jhumka Earrings for Formal Occasions:

Gold and diamond jhumkas are ideal for formal occasions such as weddings, parties, and premium gatherings. They offer grandeur and glamour to your outfit. There are different types of gold jhumkas as well, like hoop, teardrop, swirled and more.

Jhumka Earrings for Casual Occasions:

Oxidised Jhumkas and Hoop Jhumkas are perfect for brunches, shopping, and family gatherings. They look great with a casual or bohemian outfit. Oxidised silver jhumkas are very in demand right now.

Traditional Jhumka Earrings:

Antique Jhumkas, Pearl Jhumkas, and Kashmiri Jhumkas are excellent for traditional events and festivals. These traditional jhumka earrings look great with traditional Indian costumes and add to the overall look.

Jhumka Earrings for Weddings:

Pearl and gold Jhumkas are popular options for brides. These bridal jhumka earrings offer a touch of elegance and grandeur to the bride's bridal gown, making her look stunning on her special day.

Let’s have a look at the wide range of jhumkas we offer at Accessorize London:




Maroon Gold Jhumka


Drop Silver Jhumka


Navy Beads Jhumka


Hoop Jhumka


Oxidised Jhumka



Jhumka earrings are timeless in their appeal, transcending decades and fashion trends. Jhumka history and heritage in India attests to the timeless allure of this jewellery piece. Jhumkas have something for everyone, whether you prefer the classic elegance of Gold Jhumka earrings, the contemporary allure of Diamond Jhumkas, or the rustic beauty of Oxidized Jhumkas. Their geographical variances enhance the earrings' richness and cultural value. Jhumka earrings signify beauty, tradition, and elegance and can be worn for formal occasions, informal outings, traditional festivities, or weddings. They not only have withstood the test of time, but jhumka type has also changed to meet modern tastes and inclinations. So, the next time you're looking for a piece of women’s jewellery that beautifully portrays India's past and culture, consider the intriguing Jhumka earrings.

FAQs: Jhumka Earrings Origin

What are different jhumka types?

There are various types of jhumaks in India, like gold jhumkas, kashmiri, hoops, diamond and more. In Indian culture we have a jhumka for every occasion and festivities, you can match your vibe with the wide variety of jhumkas as per your convenience.

What is the origin of Jhumka earrings?

The origin of Jhumka earrings can be traced back to ancient history in India, the early periods. The word "Jhumka" is derived from "Jhumki," meaning "little bells" in Hindi. These earrings, known for their significant bell-shaped design, have a rich history associated with femininity, grace, and traditional Indian attire.

What are the best occasions to wear Jhumka earrings?

Jhumka earrings are versatile and suitable for various occasions. Gold and diamond jhumkas are perfect for formal events like weddings and parties, while oxidised and hoop jhumkas are ideal for casual outings. Traditional events call for antique, pearl, or Kashmiri Jhumkas, and brides often choose pearl or gold Jhumkas for their wedding day, adding elegance and grandeur to their bridal look.